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SCORM

Shareable Course Object Reference Model

The Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) is a collection of standards and specifications for Online learning. It defines communications between client side content and a host system called the run-time environment, which is commonly supported by a Learning Management System.

 

How does this work in practice?

In the same way that a CD can be played in any model of music player, a SCORM compliant learning module can be "played" in any SCORM compliant Learning Management System.

 

What is SCORM?

SCORM is a set of technical standards for Online learning software products. SCORM tells programmers how to write their code so that it can “play well” with other e-learning software. Specifically, SCORM governs how online learning content and Learning Management Systems (LMSs) communicate with each other. SCORM does not speak to instructional design or any other pedagogical concern, it is purely a technical standard.

 

What does Sharable Content Object Reference Model mean?

“Sharable Content Object” indicates that SCORM is all about creating units of online training material that can be shared across systems. SCORM defines how to create “sharable content objects” or “SCOs” that can be reused in different systems and contexts.

“Reference Model” reflects the fact that SCORM isn’t actually a standard. ADL didn’t write SCORM from the ground up. Instead, they noticed that the industry already had many standards that solved part of the problem. SCORM simply references these existing standards and tells developers how to properly use them together.

 

Creating SCORM Compliant Courses

There are many tools that are able to create SCORM compliant learning modules, and these range from the open source eXe through to the likes of Articulate and Captivate.

Please visit our section Developing Online Courses for more information on using external tools to create SCORM compliant learning modules.